Bear market

Market trend characterised by sustained price declines, usually in all market segments.

Investors in a bear market tend to have a pessimistic outlook. Their strategy is to acquire so-called short positions, for example, by selling securities in the hope that they will be able to buy them back at a much lower price, or by selling short (see also short sale).

As a consequence, prices and indices continue to fall over the long term.

Antonym: bull market

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